Anti-Fascism in Italy: Arditi del Popolo

Arditi del Popolo– the first anti-fascist organization (1921-22) from Aotearoa Workers Solidarity Movement

Founded in Rome at the end of June 1921 from a split in the Associazione Nazionale Arditi d’Italia by the anarchist Argo Secondari. The AdP were a physical response to the action of the fascist squads and were welcomed by all those areas which had been under the hammer of the fascist squads for months. They gained much support from the non-politicised among the working class who saw their actions as a sort of revenge and essential for their survival.

Sections of the AdP were set up in various towns throughout the country, either as new creations or often on the basis of pre- existing groups such as the Lega Proletaria [Proletarian League] (linked to the Partito Socialista Italiana [Italian Socialist Party] and the Partito Comunista d’Italia [Communist Party of Italy]), the paramilitary Arditi Rossi in Trieste, the Figli di Nessuno [Children of No-one] in Genova and Vercelli.

The government of Bonomi was worried about the rise in this phenomenon as a treaty was about to be drawn up between the socialists and the fascists (the so-called “Pacification Pact”). […]

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